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How and when to change spark plugs?

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car stuck in water

The current motor experts are trying to give the satisfactory answer for how to and when to change spark plugs

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How to change spark plugs?

Replacement of candles is recommended to be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s regulations and, of course, based on the variety of candles. To do this, insert a candle key and unscrew the candle. The main thing is that there is no o-ring left in the candle well, which should be located on the base of the candle.

When to change spark plugs?

If ordinary nickel candles have a resource of 20 thousand km, then iridium ones easily “nourish” up to 100 thousand km – this is about five years of operation.

It is important to consider that the following factors affect the performance and service life of spark plugs: the condition of the power unit, driving style and fuel quality. Drivers are advised to check the spark plugs at each MOT.

This will help keep the engine running properly and also avoid major repairs. A lot can be said by the condition of the spark plug – both about the state of the engine itself (whether there is oil consumption), or about the state of the power supply system. Diagnostics will allow timely maintenance and avoid costly car repairs.

Spark plugs can be removed both on a warm and cold engine. There are no temperature recommendations from any manufacturer.

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What rules must be observed when replacing?

When replacing spark plugs, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommended tightening torque. Compliance with the tightening torque is possible only with the use of a special tool – a torque wrench. Failure to tighten the torque, as a rule, leads to damage to the candle itself and a reduction in its service life. It can also lead to damage to the components of the ignition system and even serious engine damage.

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Automobile

What are the types of car batteries?

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car stuck in water

Now on the market there are many different types of car batteries. Experts divide them into several categories, which have their pros and cons.

Table of Contents

Types of car batteries

Acid batteries

Classic acid batteries are available on the market in the following versions.

Serviced – these are the same batteries with plugs in the lid, through which you can check the density of the electrolyte and add boiled water to the level. It should be noted that the presence of plugs is due precisely to the tendency of this type of battery to boil away, this is due to the high content of antimony in the composition of their lead plates.

Maintenance free / low maintenance – these batteries are now the majority of those on the market. They have a significantly reduced antimony content, as a result of which the water does not boil away so intensively, and during their operation there is no need to add it.

Ca / Ca technology is a battery in which calcium is added to the lead alloy instead of antimony. This replacement was another step to reduce the rate of water boiling off. Also, the change of the element had a positive effect on the efficiency of the battery and its energy intensity.

But these batteries are not on the market in such a volume as those listed above, and this is primarily due to their high price compared to their antimony counterparts, as well as their hypersensitivity to overdischarge (it is enough to forget to turn off the headlights five or six times for a long time, and the battery can be thrown away, it will not restore its energy intensity).

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Hybrid is a mixture of the previous types: antimony is applied to the positive electrodes, and calcium is applied to the negative ones. This decision made it possible to find a golden mean: water does not boil away as much as antimony ones, but at the same time they are not as sensitive to overdischarge as calcium ones.

Gel batteries

The next type is gel batteries (AMG). As their name implies, they do not have a liquid electrolyte, as in the classic ones, here it is presented in the form of a gel. This type has a lot of advantages: there is no boiling of water and, as a result, the plates do not crumble, it is airtight, which is important in various motorcycle and water equipment, their service life is about ten years. Of the minuses, this, again, is the high price and poor electrical conductivity of the gel at strong sub-zero temperatures.

Alkaline batteries

Alkaline batteries – again, the name speaks for itself: instead of an acid solution, alkaline batteries are used in such batteries. These batteries are insensitive to overdischarge, work perfectly in severe frost and accumulate energy better. But almost all these pluses overlap with one minus: they are very bulky, because. they require more sections to achieve the same voltage as the acid ones.

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Automobile

Top 7 best cars for drifting 2023

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Top 7 best cars for drifting 2023

best cars for drifting: Drifting is one of the most incendiary disciplines of motorsport. And one of the most democratic. But, as always, there is not enough room at the top for everyone. We offer our selection of top drift cars

Table of Contents

What is Drift

Drifting (drifting) is a motorsport discipline in which pilots compete on winding roads in the ability to quickly drive a car in a controlled skid. It is believed that drifting originated among the youth of Japan in the 1970s, although Enzo Ferrari called the founder of this style the great racer Tazio Nuvolari, who practiced drifting in the first half of the 20th century.

Today, drifting is a global phenomenon. Amateur and professional level competitions are held both in the warm season and in winter.

Drift car design requirements

Drift cars have two key requirements:

the ability to easily enter turns and skid;
ability to maintain control at high speed.

From a technical point of view, this is provided by:

selection of the optimal type of drive. Rear axle drive is considered a classic. Drifting on a full drive requires more serious professional skills. The least effective for drifting is front-wheel drive, which involves the active and competent use of the handbrake;

a high torque motor that usually goes in tandem with a lot of power. A common choice for professional drift cars is a turbo engine. At the same time, the internal combustion engine that gives all the best must be reliable and, in particular, withstand high temperatures;

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blocking of the cross-axle differential (often it is simply welded) – it helps to realize the traction capabilities of the engine when unloading in the turn of one of the drive wheels;

front-engine vehicle layout. Loaded steerable front wheels have better grip, which allows you to more accurately control the car;

long wheelbase. Thanks to it, it is easier to control the car with a sharp change in skid directions;

low ground clearance. The low center of gravity also improves handling. That is why top drift cars come from sports sedans or coupes;

low vehicle weight. A light car is more likely to skid. In this regard, when preparing a drift car, many minor structural elements are removed or replaced with analogues from such lightweight materials as fiberglass or carbon fiber;

optimal weight distribution along the axes (40:60% for rear-wheel drive models);

stiff enough to reduce rolls of the suspension;

not afraid of high loads enduring brake system with large diameter ventilated discs, reinforced hoses, using high-quality synthetic brake fluid;

wear-resistant tires;

a low location of a fairly rigid pilot’s seat with developed lateral support. This “seat” allows you to better feel the car.
Finally, to ensure safety, a six-point frame is installed in the cabin of the best cars for drifting.

Drift car rating

With a limited budget for a best cars for drifting, you can use the VAZ classic or the rear-wheel drive Ford Sierra that has changed its fourth decade as a drift car. Ordinary front-wheel drive with sufficiently powerful engines can also be a pleasure, especially on a slippery track, and with plywood placed under the locked rear wheels, even on dry pavement. But if we talk about the big leagues, then, of course, there will be a fair number of Japanese models, sometimes designed specifically with an eye on drifting.

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Automobile

How to turn off Car Alarm

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How to turn off Car Alarm

Almost every car is now equipped with an anti-theft system. But sometimes the equipment fails and the alarm does not turn off. We tell you How to turn off Car Alarm and not wake up the whole yard.

The alarm may not work correctly in different cases:

Discharging a car battery. In this case, you need to reset the negative terminal of the battery from the power supply, open the door with the key. It will be possible to start the engine with the help of “lighting up” from another car.

Dead battery in the key fob. You need to replace it with a new one.

Lots of radio interference. In large cities, there are a lot of radio towers that transmit signals to each other. There are also places where the connection catches badly : underground parking lots, places with massive concrete partitions.

It is necessary to get as close as possible to the central control unit of the machine and press the corresponding key fob button again.

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How to turn off the alarm on a car without a key fob

If the driver does not have a key fob from the alarm, then the car can be opened in two quick ways to turn off: emergency and coded. Regardless of the method chosen, you need to know where the Valet button is located. With its help, you can put the car into service mode.

How to turn off the alarm using the “Jack” button

This button is most often located next to the fuse box in the car. It can also be found under the dashboard, near the driver’s pedals, under the steering column, or behind the glove box. To find out where the “Jack” button is located, the motorist should focus on the anti-theft system indicator light: the button is found somewhere nearby.

The driver then proceeds to carry out a coded deactivation using a special PIN code, which consists of two to four digits (not including the number 0) and is known only to him.

Procedure:

  • turn on the ignition;
  • press the “Jack” button – the number of presses corresponds to the first digit of the PIN code;
  • turn off the ignition;
  • repeat all the previous steps as many times as there are digits in the PIN code – while the number of clicks on the secret button each time will correspond to the next digit of the code.

A more detailed procedure is described in the instructions for using the alarm, which every car owner needs to read.

How to turn off the car alarm

In this case, the emergency shutdown of the alarm is used. “To do this, the motorist should know the sequence of actions performed. Most often, this is a combination of turning the ignition on and off and several presses of the Jack button.

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While the driver is remembering the PIN code or looking for a new battery for the key fob, you can get rid of the shrill beep. To do this, reset the negative terminal from the battery.

How to remove the hood lock

When discharging the battery, motorists are faced with a problem – the hood is locked, or rather, its electromechanical lock.

Action options:

  • pull the emergency cable, which is installed during the installation of the security system and is specially brought out to hard-to-reach places;
  • “power” the battery using the backup power in the control unit. At the other end of this power supply are battery clips “crocodile”, which must be connected to the “donor” battery. Then, using the key fob, you can open the hood.

How to turn off the Starline alarm

What should be done:

  • open the car door;
  • turn on the ignition;
  • press the “Jack” button and hold it for 6 seconds;
  • if the instruction is carried out correctly, the driver will hear a sound signal indicating that the anti-theft system is operating in service mode, the light signal will start flashing slowly;
  • turn off the ignition.

How to turn off the Panther alarm (Pantera)

Instructions for action:

  • open car;
  • turn on the ignition for a couple of seconds and turn it off;
  • turn on the ignition again;
  • press the “Jack” button and hold it pressed for 10-15 seconds.
  • After these manipulations, the security system will go into service mode.

How to turn off the Alligator alarm

If it is not possible to unlock the car with a key fob, then you need to use the methods of emergency and coded shutdown. The coding mode starts from the activation of function No. 9 (you can find this function on the user manual). After that, the driver needs:

  • open the car;
  • turn on the ignition;
  • in the first 15 seconds, have time to press the “Jack” button once;
  • turn off the ignition.
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However, after that, the anti-theft system will not go into service mode. If the car has a passive arming function, it will be blocked again after 30 seconds.

How to turn off the Sheriff alarm

The algorithm includes the following steps:

  • open the car with the key;
  • turn on ignition;
  • press secret button “Jack” once;
  • turn off and turn on the ignition;
  • press the “Jack” button once again.

As a result, the security system will go into service mode.

How to turn off the alarm Jaguar

In emergency shutdown mode, you need:

  • open the car door;
  • turn on the ignition;
  • press the “Jack” button four times within 15 seconds;
  • turn off the ignition.
  • After performing these actions, the protection mode will be removed.

Experts in the installation of security systems advise all motorists to know where the secret Jack button is located, and also carefully read the instructions for the installed alarm.

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