What is the Definition of Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy

Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy

Potential energy is the energy within an object because of its position or state.

Gravitational potential energy: E = mgh

Where:

E = Potential Energy [J]

M = Mass [kg]

g = Gravitational Acceleration [m s-2]

h = height of the location of the object [m]

Elastic potential energy: F / N ..l

W = 1/2 FS

Where:

W = work done [J]

F = force exerted [N]

s = extension or compression of the spring [m]

Kinetic Energy

Kinetic energy is energy acquired by an object during movement.

E = 1/2 mv2

Where:

E = kinetic energy [J]

m = mass [kg]

v = velocity of the object [m s-I]

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