# What is the Definition of Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy

## Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy

Potential energy is the energy within an object because of its position or state.

Gravitational potential energy: E = mgh

Where:

E = Potential Energy [J]

M = Mass [kg]

g = Gravitational Acceleration [m s-2]

h = height of the location of the object [m]

Elastic potential energy: F / N ..l

W = 1/2 FS

Where:

W = work done [J]

F = force exerted [N]

s = extension or compression of the spring [m]

Kinetic Energy

Kinetic energy is energy acquired by an object during movement.

E = 1/2 mv2

Where:

E = kinetic energy [J]

m = mass [kg]

v = velocity of the object [m s-I]

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