Difference between Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
- In longitudinal waves, particles of the medium vibrate in the direction of the waves.
- The portion of wave in which particles of medium are very close to each other is called compression.
- Examples of longitudinal waves are sound wave and seismic waves.
- Distance between the centre of two compressions and rarefactions is called wave-length.
- In transverse waves, particles of the medium vibrate in the direction perpendicular to the direction of wave.
- The portion in which particles of medium are higher than their normal position is called crest.
- Examples of transverse wave are microwaves and radio waves.
- Distance between two crests and troughs is called wavelength.
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