What is Kingdom Fungi in Biology

Kingdom Fungi in Biology

 

Kingdom Fungi

Fungi are a group of unicellular to multicellular, thalloid, heterotrophic, eukaryotic living organisms having a body called MYCELLIUM, made up of HYPHAE which are non- chlorophyllous & have cell wall (made up of chitin).

 

Reproduction is usually ASEXUAL by means of spores”.

 

Fungi Are Neither Completely Plants Nor Animals

 

Previously fungi were regarded as plants as they resemble the plants in many characteristics. But in addition fungi have many qualities just like the animals. 80 they are regarded in the midway between plants and animals.

 

Plant Like Characteristics Of Fungi

 

Fungi resemble the plants in:

 

1- Having Cell Wall

2- Lacking Centrioles

3- Being non-motile

 

Animal Like Characteristics Of Fungi

 

But Fungi also resemble with animals as they are

 

1- Heterotrophic

2- Lack cellulose in their cell wall

3- Presence of chitin

 

It means that Fungi are neither completely plants nor animals.

 

Confirmation

Detail studies also confirm that Fungi are different from all other organisms.

 

Nuclear Mitosis

They have a characteristic mitosis called Nuclear-mitosis during which nuclear membrane does not break & spindle is formed with in the nucleus.

 

Some Representatives of Kingdom Fungi

 

Examples are as follows:-

Yeast

Mushrooms

Penicillium

Mold

Mucor

Rhizopus

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