Contribution of Muslim Scientists in the Field of Physics

Muslim Contribution in Physics

 

Contribution of Muslims Scientists

 

  1. IBNE-AL-HAITHAM (965-1039 AD)

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

He was born in Basra a city of Iraq. He was one of the great Muslim Scientist. He was a treat scholar of physics, mathematics, engineering, astronomy and medicine.

 

CONTRIBUTION

 

  1. He was a first man who discussed in detail about the luminous, non-luminous and transparent bodies.
  2. He also gave the structure and working of eyes.
  3. He gave us many laws of reflection and wrote many books about the reflection of light.
  4. He also first time gave the idea that whenever the ray of light is incident on an object some of the incident rays are reflected from the object and enter the eyes consequently the object becomes visible to the eyes which is accepted the scientific view.

 

 

  1. AL-BERUNI

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

He was born in Eerun a small town of Afghanistan. He wrote many books on various subjects like physics, mathematics , culture, astronomy etc.

 

CONTRIBUTION:

 

  1. He discussed in detail about the movement of sun moon and others planets.
  2. He determined the densities of various metals.
  3. He gave an idea that Earth is floating in the sky like a ships in the water.
  4. He also awarded that he was a first who said that the velocity of light is more than the velocity of sound.

 

 

  1. MUHAMMAD IBNE MUSA KHAWRZMI :

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was born in 850 AD at Khwarizm (Kheva), a town south of river Oxus in present Uzbekistan.

 

CONTRIBUTION

 

LAI-Khwarizmi was one of the greatest mathematicians ever lived. He was the founder of several branches and basic concepts of mathematics. He is also famous as an astronomer and geographer.

  1. He developed in detail trigonometric tables containing the sine functions, which were later extrapolated to tangent functions.
  2. Al-Khwarizmi also developed the calculus of two errors, which led him to the concept of differentiation. He also refined the geometric representation of conic sections.
  3. Al-Khwarizmi wrote a book on astronomical tables. Several of his books were translated into Latin in the early l2th century by Adelard of Bath and Gerard of Cremona. The treatises on Arithmetic, Kitab al-Jam’a waI-Tafreeq biI Hisab al-Hindi, and the one on Algebra, Al-Maqala fi Hisab-al J abr wa-aI-Muqabilah, are known only from Latin translations.
  4. He was a first man who introduce the decimal system in mathematics.

 

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