Fashion & Beauty

What is facial peeling and how is it done?



Peeling is actullay a cosmetic procedure in which we remove the upper keratinized layers / surface of the skin along with the activation of active cell regeneration processes. The word “peeling” comes from the English verb to peel “to peel off”, “to remove”, which accurately describes the mechanisms of the procedure’s effect.

Special formulations cause controlled burns of the skin – as a result of such a “stress”, the cells begin to actively regenerate. This helps to eliminate many aesthetic flaws – rashes, scars, post-acne, facial wrinkles.

What is peeling for?

Facial peeling is indicated for:

  • problematic skin – oily, with enlarged pores, traces of post-acne;
  • dull, gray complexion;
  • pronounced age-related changes;
  • the presence of age spots;
  • deterioration of the microrelief of the skin.

Depending on the intensity of exposure, cosmetologists distinguish three types of peeling:

Superficial – peeling, which is suitable for owners of any type of skin. “Surface” compositions delicately exfoliate the upper layers of the dermis, restoring its health and radiance. Most often, courses of 5-10 procedures are carried out.

Medium – peeling recommended for oily or problem skin with traces of post-acne. Such procedures are done once, but require special facial care before the procedure and suggest a rehabilitation period, accompanied by reddening of the dermis, itching, peeling, swelling.

Deep is an extremely painful procedure, which is carried out under anesthesia and involves a difficult period of rehabilitation.

Peelings are done using chemical agents (acids), abrasive substances (sea salt, walnut shells, etc.), ultrasonic or laser radiation.

The most popular is chemical peeling – a quick, effective, painless procedure, the results of which are noticeable almost immediately.

The compositions used for chemical peeling are based on all kinds of acids – glycolic, hyaluronic, lactic, salicylic. When acids are applied to the surface of the dermis, they break the bonds that arise between the keratinized scales and contribute to the rapid regeneration of the skin.

Superficial peeling is the most sparing procedure, safe for the skin, based on the action of:

AHA acids , the agents in which are a combination of fruit types of acids – citric, malic, mandelic. Delicately removing the keratinized upper layers of the dermis, AHA acids do not touch the deep layers of the epidermis. The action of “fruit” peels is varied – they deeply cleanse and narrow pores, fight rashes, scars, post-acne traces, brighten the skin, even out pigmentation.

Lactic acid , aimed at combating the first signs of skin aging. Such a peeling deeply cleanses, nourishes and moisturizes the dermis, strengthens its natural protective functions.

Retinoid acid (a derivative of vitamin A), which activates the processes of intensive cell division, causes collagen synthesis, stabilizes the level of skin moisture, evens out the tone of the face and inhibits the growth of bacteria.

Median peels penetrate deep into the epidermis. They are carried out using more aggressive acids:

Salicylic acid, which is an effective remedy for solving a number of cosmetic problems – rashes, excessive oily skin, acne, post-inflammatory pigmentation. Salicylic peels are recommended to be carried out with minimal activity of solar radiation – in autumn and winter. A distinctive feature of the procedure is a powerful anti-inflammatory effect and a noticeable anti-aging effect.

Trichloroacetic, attracted by cosmetologists in the treatment of acne, oily seborrhea, the elimination of scars and scars, and the fight against signs of aging.

Azeloin, acting as a serious means of combating acne and hyperpigmentation. Acid is especially recommended for oily and problematic skin. Penetrating into the deep layers of the dermis, it has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, and due to the ability of the substance to block 5-alpha reductase, the acid inhibits the activity of the sebaceous glands. Azeloin peeling evens out the complexion, relieves redness, eliminates comedones and oily sheen, partially eliminates the manifestations of acne skin diseases.

Median peels are recommended to be carried out in beauty salons. Peeling applied at home can cause complications – up to skin burns.

For deep peeling, cosmetologists use phenol or trichloroacetic acid. Deep peeling is a dermatosurgical procedure, which is strictly prohibited to be carried out at home. The action of such peels is aimed at combating wrinkles, scars, pigmentation.

Regular use of peels at home will not only achieve a significant improvement in skin condition, but also promises a long-term effect. The main rule is to thoroughly cleanse the skin before the procedure and make sure that there is no allergic reaction to the individual components of the composition.

Before peeling, thoroughly cleanse the skin – remove the remnants of makeup, clean the pores, and only then proceed with the procedure. Mechanical peels (gommages, scrubs) are recommended to be applied to wet skin, chemical (acidic) peels to dry skin.


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